Often people call all bits of knowledge facts, but that is too loose for good logic.
There are Facts. There are explanations which unite facts under a theory. There are predictions in which we try to forecast the future based on facts, theories, and a belief on how things will continue into the future.
1. Facts themselves have two flavors, binary and compound.
- Binary. Yah or nay. We went to war in Iraq in 2003. True, a historical occurrence which can be checked and validated.
- Compound. A simple binary does not capture the full story. It helped the Iraqis that we disposed Saddam. It