Distance. Insight into Show, Don’t Tell
John Gardner in The Art of Fiction described a very useful addition to the discussion about point of view (POV). He called it distance. Distance is a measure of emotional nearness presented to the reader. Understanding distance gives more insight into the constraint that all writers know: “Show. Don’t tell.”
Gardner focused on distance with the 3rd person POV. He gave these examples, decreasing in distance as we go down the list.